Music is an integral part of the human design. It is present in every society, affects every part of the human experience, and expresses emotion. It is a vital developmental element in the education of children. The study of music provides the student the opportunity for participation directly contributing to aesthetic, kinesthetic, and cognitive growth; thus, music is taught to every student by a trained and qualified professional who guides students toward independent musical literacy in such a way that it is developmentally appropriate. Involvement is key to the music experience. Through participation, the student responds to aspects of the expressive quality of music by singing, moving, playing instruments, listening, and/or creating. The goal of the elementary music program is for each student to reach his or her fullest potential in music as shown through musical literacy, musicianship, creativity, and aesthetic sensitivity.